Pruning is an essential part of tree care that can help stimulate growth and improve the aesthetics of your trees. It can also indirectly stimulate the growth of lateral shoots by allowing more light to penetrate the plant's canopy. When you prune a young plant, it will stimulate the vigorous growth of shoots and slow the development of flowers and fruits. Does tree pruning actually promote new growth?The answer is yes.
When you remove branches that have problems or are not attractive, your tree can devote more resources (such as water and nutrients) to other parts of the plant. These parts stimulate regrowth in an effort to balance the upper part of the tree with the existing root system. Generally, you'll see new growth around cuts. The more you prune, the more lush your tree will grow, as long as you don't take it too far. Pruning stimulates growth if done correctly.
There are small nodules or regions along each plant structure that contain growth hormones, and if you prune directly above them with a clean, sharp tool, these hormones are activated to repair or regrow plant tissue. Even better, trimming the branches will also help encourage fruit growth, in case it has any fruit. This benefit is due to the removal of branches that may be dead, but nutrients and water continue to be absorbed from the tree's roots. Thinning is a better way to reduce the size of a tree or rejuvenate growth. Unlike cover, thinning removes unwanted branches by cutting them back to their point of origin.
Thinning is in line with the tree's natural branching habit and results in a more open tree, emphasizing the internal structure of the branches. Thinning also strengthens the tree by forcing the diameter of the remaining branches to grow. Always avoid destroying the natural form or growth habit when pruning, unless you keep a close eye on the plant, since after a period of time it tries to adopt the most natural growth habit. The ultimate goal of any pruning practice is to increase health and aesthetics without giving the tree or shrub the appearance of having been pruned. Identify the shrub, tree or vine you want to prune and look for how old the wood must be to obtain flowers and fruits. Current research indicates that the correct treatment of properly pruned cuts has a minimum value, since the crest of the bark of the branch and the subsequent production of wood rolled by the tree or shrub are the best defenses against pathogenic organisms and insects. This pruning technique works best for shrubs such as spirea, forsythia, viburnum that grow on cane, honeysuckle and any other multi-stem shrub that is otherwise healthy.
Apples should be pruned to encourage new growth every year, but spurs can bear fruit for 6 to 10 years, so you should avoid abundant fruiting so as not to damage production. For example, if the deciduous shrub is pruned 1 foot away from the ground, the new growth will be vigorous with few flowers in the first year. Before pruning, check your plant's annual maintenance information to see what you should do during each season. You should not prune the central leader of a tree unless you do not want the leader, as is the case with some trees with natural low branches, or when you want plants with multiple stems. It is better to let a tree or shrub grow naturally than to prune without understanding how the plant will respond. Proper pruning encourages strong growth, increases flower and fruit production, improves plant health and removes damaged branches, all of which give an aesthetic appeal to the tree. These tips for pruning trees can help ensure that your trees are in good health and last a long time:
- Use clean tools when pruning
- Prune directly above nodules containing growth hormones
- Trim branches to encourage fruit production
- Thin branches instead of cutting them off completely
- Avoid destroying natural form or growth habit
- Check annual maintenance information before pruning
It's important to understand how your plants will respond before pruning them so that you don't damage them in any way. If you're unsure about how to properly prune your trees, it's best to hire a professional who can do it safely and effectively.